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Клинический санаторий

History of the sanatorium. Prominent people.

Michail Bulgakov, Russian writer

Konstantin Stanislavsky, Russian theatre director and drama teacher

Mao Tse-tung, Chinese state and political leader

Historical photo of the sanatorium

Yury Gagarin, the first cosmonaut

Historical photo

Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Commitee

Georgy Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union

Boris Yeltsin, the first President of the Russian Federation

Patriarch Alexis, patriarch of Moscow and All Russia

Dmitry Shostakovich, composer

Gennady Zuganov, leader of the CPSU fraction

Arthur Chilingarov, Russian researcher of the Arctic and Antarctic regions

Nursultan Nazarbayev, the first Kazachstan President

Modern building of the sanatorium

Vladimir Resin, Russian state and political leader

Our team

Evgeny Petrosyan, writer-humorist and TV presenter

Svetlana Nemolyaeva, Russian theatre and movie actress

Yunus-Bek Evkurov, leader of the Republic of Ingushetia

Nikita Michalkov, Russian director, actor, play writer and producer

Igor Kostolevsky, theatre and movie actor



History of the Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" originates from 1930, it was the decision of the Government of the USSR to establish a Medical Rehabilitation Center within a medical-sanitary system under the control of the Kremlin, for patients suffering from metabolic and digestion diseases. Medical Rehabilitation Center project was created by architect B. Iofan (author of "the House on the embankment"). A place for the construction of the Medical Rehabilitation Center was chosen inside the territory of the preserved forest near Moscow close to Barviha village... Read , which gave the name to the Medical Rehabilitation Center. Construction was ended in 1935. It took nearly two years to organize systematic clinical observation for patients, supplying the Medical Rehabilitation Center with the latest for those days physiotherapy equipment. From 1937, the Medical Rehabilitation Center fully met the challenges of the sanatorium-and-spa treatment for executives and senior State officials.

During the years of WW2, the hotel was repurposed into a military hospital to treat wounded soldiers and defenders of the capital. The Medical Rehabilitation Center worked as a hospital until 1944. February 19, 1944 USSR Council of people's commissars issued a decree which obliged the Chief of the rear of the Red Army T. Khrulev “April 1, 1944, all buildings of the Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" must be free”. In the same order to the USSR government national healthcare officials the following commission was issued "To open Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" from July 1st, 1944 for the contingent attached to the Kremlin's headquarters for 80 beds, including 25 cots.

Then a new phase in the development of the Medical Rehabilitation Center had begun. Employees who had come back from evacuation, returned to peaceful work. Operational medical departments and diagnostic rooms started functioning. After repairing works, the first patients and vacationers were sent to the Medical Rehabilitation Center. The order of Ministry of health of the USSR dated January 8, 1953 set the profile of the Medical Rehabilitation Center: treatment of patients with diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. During this time the Kremlin tried to increase the number of health care facilities, improving quality of diagnostic work, introduced new methods of treatment and diagnostics, carried out research work. Specifically at the Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" the impact of some of physiotherapeutic procedures on hypertension was studied. The fluctuation of electrocardiogram data with hypertension heart disease, kymography along with heart diseases, vegetative asymmetries, state of the fundus by photographing it, etc." (from the report of the Chief doctor S.N. Sokolov).

Academic advising and consultations of the patients were carried out by professors S.O. Badylkes and S.N.Sokolov. Since the end of the year 1946, Medical Council of the medical sanitary department of the Kremlin was founded, and since 1948 Institute of main specialists responsible for providing healthcare and general support in the aforementioned medical fields.

During this period (1946-1952) the Medical Rehabilitation Center was led by Chief Physician Ivan Sergeevich Mironenko. A skillful organizer, capable doctor and a strong-willed man, he managed to put the work so that the significance and popularity of the Medical Rehabilitation Center increased significantly. He formed a team of like-minded professionals: doctors, nurses, and attendants. The core principle of their work was individual approach to patients. This principle is preserved in the present time.

Built in 1935, survivor of the Second World War, definitely, in its architectural design and planning conditions it failed to meet the requirements of those times. It was decided to close the Medical Rehabilitation Center for reconstruction. It began in spring 1965. Construction work lasted for three years. Sleeping and medical corps were rebuilt, as well as food unit, gymnasium, premise of technical services. New structures were added such as; swimming pool, detached sauna, sports pavilion, new walking paths were laid out, and generally more space was created for relaxation and recreational purposes. The Medical Rehabilitation Center gradually developed and acquired a new, better, more modern look, well known to all our patients today. However, the work on improvement of material base is not over and continues in different volumes so far. In the early 80’s the 7th building was built, the 4th one was reconstructed, boat station was rebuilt and landscaping of the area around the lake was done.

In 1967 Yevgeny Ivanovich Chazov was appointed the Chief of the fourth main Department, who held this leading position for 20 years. Several innovative approaches to integrated therapy are closely related to the name of Y.I. Chazov, member of the Academy; as well as numerous methods of prevention of various diseases, rehabilitation, continuity of treatment, preventive care and sanatorium-and-Spa institutions. Thanks to his perseverance several unique Medical Rehabilitation Centercomplexes, as well as health resorts were built, Medical Rehabilitation Center was re-equipped with modern medical devices. Sponsored by E.I. Chazov the central scientific research laboratory (CSRL) became a creative School of medical staff, involving them in research work, including Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha". Together with the CSRL, most of the methodical and advisory assistance for the Medical Rehabilitation Center was provided by the Chief specialists of the laboratory who were the leading consultants.

From 1972 to 1991 Vasili Nikiforovich Golyakov was the Chief Doctor of the Medical Rehabilitation Center. During this period, the Medical Rehabilitation Center continued to strengthen its therapeutic and diagnostic possibilities, base offices of functional diagnostics, x-ray unit and clinical laboratory, office of ultrasonic diagnostics was created, as well as the department of hyperbaric oxygenation and intensive therapy. Psychotherapeutic methods as well as acupuncture were used in the treatment of various diseases. During this period, Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" occupied the leading position among others sanatorium-and-Spa institutions as per level of care, and usage of the most modern methods of diagnostics and treatment.

In 1980 the team of the Medical Rehabilitation Center celebrated its 50th anniversary. Medical Rehabilitation Center was awarded the highest State award - the “Order of the Red Banner of Labour”, later by the decree of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet this achievement was implemented in the name of the Medical Rehabilitation Center itself. The title was changed to "Medical Rehabilitation Center "Barviha" bearing the order of the "Red banner of labour" by the Order of the Supreme Council of May 6, 1983 No. 9250-x.

From 1991 to 2002 Chief Doctor Artsybashev Valentin Vasilyevich headed the Medical Rehabilitation Center. Despite the objective difficulties that had arisen in the country and domestic healthcare in 90’s, structural reorganization and reassignment of the team, Medical Rehabilitation Center managed to maintain the good traditions of Kremlin medicine and continue to improve medical-diagnostic process.

In 2001 in order to improve the governance structure of the Medical Rehabilitation Center, the post of Director was introduced, and Serebryakov Vladimir Gennadievich was appointed to this position. In 2002 the chief physician post was eliminated and Yeroshina Valentina Aleksandrovna, deputy director was assigned to manage medical units of the Medical Rehabilitation Center.

From April 2007 Markeev Igor Ivanovich was assigned to the position of the deputy director.

At present time, the degree of advanced medical equipment and medical care in the Medical Rehabilitation Center corresponds to the level of a modern multifaceted medical centre. System created in the Medical Rehabilitation Center combines sanatorium and resort factors, modern medical facilities and high level of comfort, it doesn’t have any analogues among other sanatorium-and-Spa institutions.