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Клинический санаторий

Diagnosis and treatment of flatulence

Диагностика причин и лечение метеоризма

Study on the violations of carbohydrates’ breakdown and uptake, and dysbiotic violations in the intestine is the major cause of flatulence. We are glad to inform you that since this February in our Medical Rehabilitation Center, you can conduct a research on a portable hydrogen analyzer Gastrolaizer (Bedfont, United Kingdom).

For whom is this method:

For those concerned about recurrent diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, allergic diseases, volatile nature of the stool (alternating diarrhea and constipation). You can hold a study on the existence of a breach of breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates, the dysbiotic violations in the intestinal tract in our Medical Rehabilitation Center. In accordance with the test results, a patient receives the correct treatment. The main thing in treating flatulence is the elimination of the reasons causing meteorism: correction of the nutrition; medicated treatment of underlying disease; recovery of bowel peristalsis (by assignment of prokinetics); treatment of the balance of intestinal microflora (decontamination therapy, i.e. sanitation of intestine; pro-and prebiotics).

The essence of the method:

Hydrogen (H2) is produced due to exposure of bacteria on carbohydrates in the colon or small intestine. Received hydrogen is transferred into the bloodstream and then into the lungs, then it can be found in exhaled air. Thus, precise measurement of H2 in millions of shares (rrgl) in exhaled air is an indicator of improper splitting and/or malabsorption of carbohydrates.

This device is used for diagnostics of breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates (lactose, fructose, sorbitol etc.) at integrated assessment of the functional state of the small and large bowel, including patients of allergy profile (atopic dermatitis, food allergy), as well as at diagnosis of excessive bacterial growth syndrome in the small intestine (intestinal dysbacteriosis), and definition of high speed passing of a food lump in intestine. More details about flatulence.

Flatulence is gas accumulation in the stomach or intestines. It can be a single (appears after eating, especially conducive to the formation of gases), but may be permanent in character, be a sign of a malfunction of the digestive organs.

Normally, a healthy adult person has from 200 to 1000 ml of gases in the intestine, which are necessary for normal digestion-maintenance of tonicity and peristalsis. Usually a person releases 1.5 0.5 l of gases per day. During conversations at meals, in case of rapid swallowing of large amounts of food, drinking through straw especially carbonated liquids, the volume of air in the stomach increases sharply. Hypersalivation (increased secretion of the salivary glands) of any genesis and xerostomia increases intake of air.

Reasons for meteorism in the intestine are variuos:

  • A diet rich in fiber, cellulose, eating legumes, lamb meat, kvass, beer, carbonated beverages;
  • Digestive disorders (gastritis, pancreatitis, cholelithiasis, colitis, etc.);
  • Excessive bacterial growth in the small intestine and microflora violation in the large intestine;
  • Mechanical violations of the evacuation bowel function (tumor, adhesions;
  • Violation of the motor function of the intestine (dysbacteriosis, acute infections, toxication);
  • General and local circulatory disorders;
  • Spasm of the smooth muscles caused by stress;
  • Climbing to a height (due to the expansion of gases and pressure build-up in the gut).

Under normal circumstances, bacteria inhabiting the gut absorb the lion’s share of gases. Flatulence occurs if there is a violation of the balance between gas-producing and gas-consuming microorganisms, as well as in violation of the gaseous exchange between the gut and the circulatory system. Slowing down of the movement of food contributes the fermentation and putrefaction with high aeration. Gases accumulated in the lazy intestines, cause paroxysmal pain.

Variants of flatulence manifestations:

Bloating is evident with abdominal distention or bouts of colicky abdominal pain and can be accompanied by various ailments: nausea, belching, violation of stool (diarrhoea or constipation).

You can define two options of flatulence manifestation:

  • The main symptom is the significant increase in the abdomen that occurs due to swelling of the intestines; gases do not pass away due to spasm of the colon. The main feelings are discomfort, abdominal pain, and feeling of fullness.
  • Constant rapid gases’ release from the intestine significantly impairs the quality of life and possibility to run a social life. Herewith the pain syndrome expressed little or absent, complaints about "chugging", feeling of fullness and "transfusion" in the stomach prevailed. Abenteric symptoms may appear. For example, one can monitor a heart rhythm disorder on the part of the cardiovascular system, pain in the heart, fall of mood, insomnia and general weakness.

Before starting of flatulence treatment, it is necessary to understand the cause of increased gas production. We conduct diagnostics on a portable hydrogen analyzer GaSTrOLaJZer, after that you will be assigned a proper treatment.